What follows are interesting button facts and research as collected by our members:
Reputation Ruined? What if you didn’t participate in military service during WWII? Would your reputation be ruined? What is you wanted to enlist but couldn’t because of medical reasons? The Canadian Government would protect you….. They created a stud button what would separate the unable from the unwilling…..
Not everyone attempting to enlist in the Canadian Forces met the existing minimum medical (physical) standards. Initially, no distinguishing button was issued to those persons rejected for failing to meet the standards. Although a Committee on War Service Badges had recommended on October 27, 1939 that two badges be established; a SERVICE badge for those voluntarily attested for active service beyond Canada and a RESERVE badge for those medically exempt (among other reasons); that recommendation was not acted upon. Instead, rejected applicants for service in the army were issued with form M.F.M. 12 (Militia Form M.12) – Certificate of Medical Unfitness for Service in the Canadian Active Service Force. This form did not satisfy the need for an easily identified indicator of exempt status however, and rejected applicants suffered the wrath of the public as a result.
There were many requests from the general public and veterans organizations for a suitable badge and on June 26, 1941 the Adjutant-General informed the Minister of Defence that he would be discussing the matter at a meeting of the Awards Board. The result of the demands and the meetings was the enactment, by Canada’s Governor General, The Earl of Athlone, of Order in Council P.C. 7893 on Saturday, October 11, 1941, (retroactively effective September 1, 1939) to create a badge to identify the medically unfit volunteers and distinguish them from those who had not yet volunteered.
Order in Council P.C. 7893 defined those eligible for the award as:
Persons who have voluntarily declared their unqualified willingness to serve in and beyond Canada in the Military Forces of Canada, and who are refused enlistment by reason of their not possessing, due to no faults of their own, the necessary qualifications then required for enlistment in the Naval, Army and Air Forces of Canada.
The authorized badge was silver or rhodium plated copper or gilding metal with a red enamel maple leaf. This was illustrated and described in Ottawa’s Evening Citizen of Thursday, October 15, 1941. The badge actually issued however, was blackened copper with a red maple leaf.
The backmark reads : PENALTY FOR MISUSE 500 DOLLARS OR 9 MONTHS IMPRISONMENT ” <Editor’s note: According to an inflation calculator, that $500 is about $13,000 today – and I don’t know what happens to the prison term!> Each stud button had an number on it which presumably differed for each recipient.
For more information, see http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/medals-decorations/war-service-badges/afeef
AJ Casson and the Arts & Crafts Movement?
What is the name of this design?
Personally, I call it ‘paisley’. But different countries name it differently…. And how did it get such a name?
“It is generally agreed that the paisley symbol originated in Persia 200-650 AD during the rule of the Sassanians who created an empire who’s armies kept the Romans at bay for centuries. This empire included what we know roughly as the Middle East, the Caucasus and central Asia. …. The symbol began to appear on Persian fabrics in the early C16th. Hence an early nickname for paisley shapes, especially by American quilt makers, was “Persian pickles”.
The symbol can be best described as a similar shape to a curving teardrop or a kidney. The symbol was called boteh (the Persian word for shrub or cluster of leaves) which is visually a combination of a spray of floral elements and a cypress tree. Centuries later the shape was called Buta almond or bud – the national symbol of Azerbaijan to this day. It could also be an adaptation of the yin-yang symbol used in ancient Chinese medicine and philosophy.
Many different cultures have used the paisley symbol and consider it to represent many objects including a cashew fruit, a mango or a sprouting date palm, an Indian symbol of fertility. The symbol’s shape varies dramatically in different countries from an Indian pinecone to a Russian cucumber.
The paisley pattern evolved mainly in The Kingdom of Kashmir. During Mughal Emperor Akbar’s reign (1556–1605), shawl-weaving production increased dramatically. It’s weavers absorbing influences coming across the borders from nearby China, Middle East and India. Woven paisley shawls were mainly worn by men for ceremonies. These early shawls did not display the paisley shape as we know it today but a curving flower with leaves and a stem, the roots of which have striking similarities to Chinese calligraphy.
The East India Company imported paisley shawls … from Kashmir and Persia to Europe in large quantities from around 1800. The designs were specifically tailored to cater for each regions particular tastes. In Europe the shawls were worn mainly by women not men.
Due to their huge popularity in Europe, British production of woven shawls began in 1790 in Norwich, England but to a greater extent in 1805 in the small town of Paisley, Scotland, hence the name Paisley pattern originated. However this is not an international name for the pattern, it is called Palme in France, Bota in Netherlands, Bootar in India and Peizuli in Japan.”
This information has been copied from http://www.paisleypower.com/#!history-of-paisley/c9ar